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Incipient Dental Caries

Published on May 29th, 2017

Dental caries are just a fancy word for cavities. Cavities mean tooth decay. Whenever you hear any of these terms, you can pretty much assume the same thing—you’ll need it corrected. When dental caries are in their very beginning stages, they are considered “incipient lesions” or “incipient caries”. Often, this means that they are so early on in their development that they are a relatively easy fix. There are a few things that can be done about incipient caries, and we will walk you through each below.

Fluoride Treatment

Fluoride can help make your teeth stronger. It is a mineral that helps replace the minerals lost during tooth decay. It’s usually found in water supplies and toothpaste, but to help incipient caries, your dentist may apply a topical treatment of fluoride to the affected areas.


Dental sealants are a treatment that can help both prevent and treat tooth decay. Teeth have grooves and ridges and pits where sugars can get trapped and cause damage. Sealants help fill these gaps and act as a barrier to protect the tooth’s enamel from plaque and acids. They are generally made of a biocompatible plastic material.


ACP stands for amorphous calcium phosphate. ACP is a mineral that works to compliment fluoride in recalcifying incipient dental caries. Ok, we know—that’s a lot of dental jargon. Here’s what it means: “ACP helps fluoride fix cavities”. ACP stimulates the enamel and helps it absorb fluoride that helps repair teeth.

Although it’s great that there are all of these helpful tools a dentist has to repair incipient caries, the best thing for your teeth is to never get them in the first place! Prevention is the best route for your oral health. You can do plenty of things in your own day-to-day life to make sure you never get a cavity. Brush and floss daily, and visit your dentist frequently to make sure that your mouth is as healthy as it can be! Remember, that sugar is often the biggest culprit for causing dental caries, so do your best to steer clear of sugary foods!

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